Several factors play a role in the development and progression of bunions & hallux valgus. While genetics play a significant role, your foot type and individual biomechanics also play an important part. Custom foot orthotics help to improve your foot function, optimize joint movement, and support your foot to slow down the progression and reduce symptoms of pain and stiffness.
Depending on your foot type and individual biomechanics, custom orthotics can help to control excessive movement, support or realign the foot to reduce pressure on the 1st MTP (ball of the big toe). In cases where movement is restricted, or the foot is more rigidly structured orthotics may act to re-distribute pressure over the bottom of the foot and reduce focal pressure on the 1st MTP.
How Do Orthotics Work to Help Bunion Pain?
The two key features that are most important for improving bunion pain are arch support and metatarsal support.
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Supporting the medial (inside) arch of your foot is important in many pathologies, and bunions/hallux valgus are no exception. Excessive movement of the medial arch can increase pressure and force going through the 1st MTP (ball of the big toe) joint and can increase symptoms. Reducing excessive movement can help to improve both the alignment and function of this joint, decreasing pain and stiffness.
Metatarsal support is another key feature in reducing pain associated with bunions and hallux valgus. The metatarsal arch is located in the ball of the foot and stretches across the front of the foot. Bunions and hallux valgus can affect how the big toe and the first metatarsal function, leading to pain and discomfort. Supporting the metatarsal arch helps to offload the joint, encouraging normal movement while not placing additional strain on the lesser toes.
Severe Bunion Cases
In advanced cases, where a bunion, hallux valgus, or other factors have caused a significant reduction in joint range of motion in the big toe, there are additional orthotic features that can be incorporated to reduce pain and improve quality of life. Talk to your SoleScience Pedorthist for more information on these interventions.
Orthotics are as unique as the feet they were designed for; therefore, every pair is made with the individual needs, biomechanics, and lifestyle factors in mind. Your SoleScience Pedorthist will carefully weigh all your individual factors and design your orthotics to meet your specific needs. If your needs change over time, we will work with you to adjust, modify, or overhaul your orthotics to keep you doing the things you love in comfort.
Thinking about orthotics? Contact us today to arrange an appointment for a comprehensive assessment by one of our experts!